Volcanoes National Park located in northwestern Rwanda and borders Mgahinga Gorilla National Park in Uganda and Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The park is regarded as a home for the rare and endangered mountain gorillas. It is home to five of the eight volcanoes of the Virunga Mountains (Karisimbi, Bisoke, Muhabura, Gahinga, and Sabyinyo), which are covered in rainforest and bamboo.
The park was initially gazetted in 1925, as a small territory bounded by Karisimbi, Visoke, and Mikeno, expected to secure the rare and endangered mountain gorillas from poachers. It was the first National Park to be made in Africa. Accordingly, in 1929, the borders of the national park were extended further into Rwanda and into the Belgian Congo, to structure the Albert National Park, a tremendous area of 8090 km², run by the Belgian colonial authorities who were in charge of both colonies. In 1958, 700 hectares of the national park was cleared for a human settlement.
After the Democratic Republic of Congo gained independence in 1960, the national park was part into two, and upon Rwandan independence in 1962, the new government consented to look after the park as a conservation and tourist destination, regardless of the way that the new republic was as of now experiencing overpopulation problems. The National Park was divided into the area in 1969. Between 1969 and 1973, 1050 hectares of the national park was cleared to develop pyrethrum.
The park later turned into the base for the American naturalist Dian Fossey to do her research into the mountain gorillas. She arrived in 1967 and start up the Karisoke Research Centre between Karisimbi and Visoke. From that point on she spent most of her opportunity in the national park, and is broadly credited with saving the mountain gorillas in the park from extinction by bringing their predicament to the consideration of the international community. She was killed by obscure attackers at her home in 1985, a crime often attributed to the poachers she had spent her life battling against. Fossey’s existence later was depicted on the wide screen in the film Gorillas in the Mist, named after her personal history. She is buried in the park in a grave near her research center, and amongst the mountain gorillas which turned into her life.
The Volcanoes National Park turned into a battlefield throughout the Rwandan Civil War, with the national park headquarters being attacked in 1992. The research center was abandoned, and all vacationer activities in the park were ceased. They didn’t continue again until 1999 when the region was esteemed to be safe and under control. There have been incidental penetrations by Rwandan rebels from the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda in subsequent years, however these are dependably halted rapidly by the Rwandan army and there is thought to be no threat to tourism in the Volcanoes National Park.
The national park is also best known for the Mountain Gorillas. Different mammals incorporate golden monkey, black-fronted duiker, wild ox, Spotted Hyena, and bushbuck. There are additionally appeared to be some elephants in the park, however, these are presently very rare. There are 178 recorded species of birds, with over 13 species and 16 subspecies endemic to the Virunga and Ruwenzori Mountains.