Murchison Falls National Park is managed by Ugandan Wildlife Authority. The park is located in northwestern Uganda in the district of Nwoya in northern Uganda and Masindi District in western Uganda. The park is situated approximately 300km northwest of Kampala, Uganda’s capital city. Murchison Falls National Park spreads inland from the shore of Lake Albert around the Victoria Nile. It is named for the Murchison Falls waterfall, itself named for a president of the Royal Geographical Society. The park is famous for its wildlife which has incompletely recouped from slaughter by poachers and troops under Idi Amin. Together with the nearby 748 square kilometers Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the 720 square kilometers Karuma Wildlife Reserve, Murchison Falls National Park structures the Murchison Falls Conservation Area.
The park is sometimes called Kabarega National Park. Kabarega was the Omukama of the Kingdom of Bunyoro, around the end of the nineteenth century. He opposed colonization by the British, was captured and was exiled by the British to the island country of Seychelles. Kabarega died in Jinja, in 1923 on the way to Bunyoro from exile.
Murchison Falls National Park is Uganda’s biggest national park. It measures roughly 3,840Km2. Together with the contiguous Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park is part of the 5,308km2 Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA). Murchison Falls National Park is divided by the Victoria Nile from east to west for a distance of around 115 kilometers. The park is found in the famous Murchison Falls, where the waters of the grand Nile River press through a narrow gorge, just 7 meters wide, before plunging 43 meters underneath. Additionally, Murchison Falls National Park, adjacent to the Masindi-Gulu Highway, are the Karuma Falls, the proposed area of the 700 MW Karuma Power Station, Uganda’s biggest hydropower station, anticipated that will come online at sometime around 2016.
In Murchison National Park there are four of the “big five”. Bison, elephants, lions, leopards are best to be seen in the northern part (above the Nile). Because of excessive hunting and poaching, Rhinos came to be wiped out by 1983, yet were re-brought into Uganda in 2005 by Rhino Fund Uganda. White rhinos are currently being bred again in the 7000ha Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary, which is found 70 km south of the Murchison Falls; their mission is to reintroduce small herds of rhinos (around five at once), whilst holding a nucleus breeding herd in the sanctuary. The park also hosts over 76 species of mammals and 451 species of birds.
Tourist Activities in Murchison Falls National Park
There are different tour activities in the park including; bird watching due to the fact that the park host over 451 species of birds, there are also cultural encounters in the park like Mubako Cultural Campfire Performances, there is also game drive in Murchison which is done in the Buligi game tracks on the northern bank, hiking and nature walk is also another activity in the park where you will be rewarded with view of a vast landscapes and varied scenery of Murchison Falls National Park and lastly there is also launch trip in the park which is done on the river and rewards with an astonishing display of wildlife and culminates with the memorable frontal view of the Falls.