Nyungwe Forest national park is located in the southwestern part of Rwanda, at the border with Burundi in the south, Lake Kivu and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west. The park is presumably the best-protected rainforest in the mountains all through Central Africa. It is spotted in the watershed between the basin of the River Congo to the west and the basin of the River Nile to the east. From the east side of the Nyungwe Forest National Park comes also one of the branches of the Nile sources. Nyungwe Forest National Park was gazetted in 2004 and covers an area of about 970 km² of rainforest, bamboo, meadow, swamps, and marshes. Cyangugu is the nearest town to the park located about 54 km to the west. Mount Bigugu is situated inside the park borders.
The Nyungwe Forest National Park comprises of 970 square kilometers across the majestic hills of southeast Rwanda. The Park is the biggest block of montane forest in East or Central Africa, and a standout amongst the most ancient, going over to after the last Ice Age.
Nyungwe is an interestingly rich center of floral diversity. The park host over 200 species of trees, and a myriad of flowering plants incorporating the otherworldly giant lobelia and a host of bright orchids
An extensive system of well-maintained strolling trails heads through Nyungwe forest to different waterfalls and watching points. An agreeable guesthouse and perfectly situated campsite lie along the main road, and the reserve can promptly be visited as a day trip from the towns of Butare and Cyangugu.
Nyungwe Forest National Park has a wide diversity of animal species, making it a necessity for conservation in Africa. The park is located in an area where numerous large scale biogeographical zones meet and the variety of terrestrial biomes provides an incredible span of microhabitats for numerous distinctive species of plants and animals.
The national park holds 13 different primate species (25% of Africa’s sum), 275 species of animals, 1068 species of plants, 85 species of mammals, 32 amphibian and 38 reptile species. Huge numbers of these animals are restricted-range species that are just found in the Albertine Rift montane forest eco-region in Africa. Truth be told, the amount of endemic species in the park is more terrific than in any other forest in the Albertine Rift Mountains that has been studied. The park, which reaches its most extreme height of 3000 meters above sea level, is specifically noteworthy for the presence of colonies of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes – Blumenbach, 1775) and Angola (Colobus angolensis – Sclater 1860), the last now extinct in Angola for the compelling hunt for which they were subjected.