Semuliki National Park is found in Bwamba County, a remote part of the Bundibugyo District in western Uganda. It was gazetted at a national park in October 1993 and is one of the newest national parks in Uganda. 194 km2 of East Africa’s only lowland tropical rainforest is situated in the park. It is one of the richest areas of floral and faunal diversity in Africa, with fowl species being particularly diverse. Semuliki National Park is managed by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.
Semuliki National Park is located on of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The park is surrounded by different tourist attractions like the Rwenzori Mountains in the southeastern part of the park, Lake Albert in the northern part of the park and the park is located within the Albertine Rift Valley, the western arm of the East African Rift. Semuliki National Park is spotted on a gently undulating landform that goes from 670 to 760m (2,200 to 2,490 ft) above sea level.
The region that Semuliki National Park covers is a dissimilar ecosystem inside the larger Albertine Rift ecosystem. The park is located at the intersection of several climatic and ecological zones, and accordingly has a high diversity of plant and animal species and numerous microhabitats. The majority of the plant and animal species in the park are additionally found in the Congo Basin forest, with a number of these animal species reaching the eastern limit of their range in Semuliki National Park.
The vegetation of Semuliki National Park is overwhelmingly medium altitude wet evergreen to a semi-deciduous forest. The predominant plant species in the forest is the tree Cynometra Alexandria. There are likewise tree species of a more evergreen nature and swamp forest communities.
Semuliki National Park provides a home to over 400 bird species, for instance, the lyre-tailed honey. 216 of these species (66% of the nation’s total species of birds) are real forest birds, incorporating the rare Forest Ground Thrush and Sassi’s Olive Greenbul. Nine species of hornbills have been recorded in the park.
The park also hosts over 60 species of mammals, incorporating forest bison, leopards, hippos, Mona Monkeys, water chevrotains, bush babies, civets, elephants, and the Pygmy Flying Squirrel. Nine species of Duikers are found in the park, incorporating the Bay Duiker. The park has eight primate species and approximately 300 butterfly species.
Tourist Activities in Semuliki National Park
There are different tour activities in the park including; bird watching due to the fact that the park host over 400 species of birds, there are also cultural encounters in the park like The Batwa’s hunter-gatherer lifestyle where the Batwa demonstrates to you their ways of life, there is also game drive in Semuliki National Park which is done in the Three tracks cross the savannah grassland of Toro Semliki Wildlife Reserve, hiking and nature walk is also another activity in the park where you will be rewarded with view of a vast landscapes and varied scenery of the Park and lastly there is also Hot Springs in the park which is done in The hour-long trail to the outer, “male” spring and the inner female hot spring in the park.